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UNIT 8 PROJECT
Students will select a presidential scandal from the harding or coolige administration - working with a partner (if you choose) students will create a keynote with 1) a title slide - include name(s) date and class period - 2) a brief description of the scandal that you have selected 3) a slide for each the people or groups involved (may have to be more then one slide per person or group) 4) result of the scandal (i.e. new laws, person goes to jail, dies etc) 5) long term effects and a 6) a bibliography. Each slide must have an image (with link to image source), the summary information, and a title for each slide.





Chapter Overview
This chapter explains how new industries, new technologies, and government support of big business led to economic prosperity in the United States during the 1920s.

8.1 Presidential Politics

Section 1 discusses the presidencies of Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge. With a pledge to return the nation to normalcy, Harding won the presidential election of 1920. However, the Harding years proved to be far from normal. Scandals rocked the administration as some of the members of Harding's Ohio Gang accepted bribes, pocketed taxpayers' money, and sold government jobs and pardons. When Harding died suddenly, Vice President Calvin Coolidge took the presidential oath. Reserved and frugal, Coolidge aligned himself with business and prosperity, and he calmly worked to restore the integrity of the presidency. In the 1924 presidential election, he easily defeated the Democratic and Progressive challengers.

8.2 A Growing Economy

Section 2 describes the economic prosperity of the 1920s. During the 1920s, Americans enjoyed higher wages and more leisure time than ever before. New technologies, such as automobiles, airplanes, and radios, led to new industries, while new methods of production increased output and lowered the prices of consumer goods. The economy was rolling, and Americans fueled the manufacturing boom by purchasing a flood of new goods. While advertising introduced new products, easily available credit encouraged consumer spending. The middle class rapidly grew as industries hired professional managers, and welfare capitalism helped industrial workers prosper. While the prosperity of the 1920s brought a better standard of living to many Americans, farmers struggled with debt and surplus crops.

8.3 The Policies of Prosperity

Section 3 details the economic policies that encouraged the prosperity of the 1920s. During the 1920s, the United States government sought to promote economic growth and ensure prosperity. To this end, Secretary of the Treasury Andrew W. Mellon, the chief architect of U.S. economic policy between 1921 and 1929, decided to cut government spending, refinance the national debt, and persuade the federal government to lower its interest rate. He employed supply-side economics and urged Congress to dramatically cut taxes. Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover created government boards that supported business development and promoted economic efficiency. After World War I, the United States became the dominant economic power in the world with industries closely tied to other countries. Since the United States could not afford to withdraw from international affairs, American leaders of the 1920s worked to promote peace through agreements.

Section 1


Provide a definition for all of the following. (definition - a concise explanation of the meaning of a word or phrase)
Vocabulary: presume, normalcy, immunity, integrity, percent.
People and Terms: Ohio Gang, Albert B. Fall, Teapot Dome scandal,Robert M. La Follette.


QUESTIONS
  1. How would you describe (Give an account in words of someone or something, including all the relevant characteristics, qualities, or events) the current president of the United States?
  2. What style of leadership does the president have?
  3. Do you think his style appeals to most Americans? (provide a reason for you opinion)
  4. President Harding’s and President Coolidge’s presidencies differed greatly. Describe (Give an account in words of someone or something, including all the relevant characteristics, qualities, or events) THREE aspects of each.
  5. What problems did President Harding face in his administration?
  6. Why did some people form a new Progressive Party?
  7. How did the Democrats lose the chance for victory in the election of 1924?


Section 2

Provide a definition for all of the following. (definition - a concise explanation of the meaning of a word or phrase)

Vocabulary: mass production, innovation, assembly line, consumer, structure, welfare capitalism, open shop.
People and Terms: Model T, Charles Lindbergh, National Broadcasting Company, Columbia Broadcasting System.



QUESTIONS


  1. How important is the automobile today to American life? (give two examples that support your opinion)
  2. How important is it to your life? (provide an example for your answer)
  3. The automobile greatly changed American life in the 1920s. Describe (Give an account in words of someone or something, including all the relevant characteristics, qualities, or events) 5 different changes.
  4. What was the effect of using mass production in making goods?
  5. How did manufacturers make people aware of their new products?
  6. Why did American farmers have difficulty selling their products overseas after World War I?
  7. How did the United States government help spur the growth of the airline industry?





Section 3

Provide a definition for all of the following. (definition - a concise explanation of the meaning of a word or phrase)

Vocabulary: principle, supply- side economics, philosophy, coopera- tive individualism, reverse, isolationism, moratorium.
People and Terms: Charles G. Dawes, Charles Evans Hughes, Kellogg- Briand Pact.


QUESTIONS

  1. How is the United States involved in the affairs of other nations? (This is an opinion question - write one paragraph giving your opinion)
  2. Do you think the United States could avoid being involved? Why do you think so? (provide a one paragraph response to support your answer)
  3. The United States continued to be involved in world affairs during the 1920s, signing several treaties. Explain the conditions of each of the treaties listed. Five-Power Naval Limitation Treaty,Four-Power Treaty, Nine-Power Treaty, Kellogg-Briand Pact
  4. What were two important policies of Andrew Mellon’s economic program?
  5. Why was it not possible for the United States to go back to a policy of isolationism after World War I?
  6. What efforts did the United States make to promote permanent peace and worldwide economic recovery? Were these efforts successful? Explain your answer.



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